TalkCentral: Ep 239 – ‘Cell C rains on Vodacom’s parade’

In the TalkCentral podcast this week, Vodacom and Rain’s roaming deal, Standard Bank’s MVNO, the Internet Service Providers’ Association’s demands, Huawei’s Mate 20 Pro and Adobe Creative Cloud 2019. Original Link

Kingpins who looted SA may get off the hook

Scepticism is mounting that the alleged masterminds of South Africa’s biggest-ever embezzlement of state funds will ever be held to account. Original Link

Scientists uncover the brain area responsible for buffets

Rat study finds unexpected neural activity connected to decisions about food. Nick Carne reports. Original Link

Old age comes three years later for every generation

Half a century of data reveals population ageing can be described as a moving front. Nick Carne reports. Original Link

Proteins wear clothes – and understanding their fashion choices could help us treat cancer

Humans produce 20,418 proteins, and convert them inti one million variations. It’s important to understand why, say Pedro Beltran-Alvarez and John Greenman, from the UK’s University of Hull. Original Link

Flight is fine and dandelion

The common plant deploys a parachute far more efficient than a manufactured one. Andrew Masterson reports. Original Link

In a collision between plane and drone, it’s bad news for both

US researchers have fired a drone at an aircraft wing to see what would happen in a collision, and the results aren’t pretty for either. Ben Lewis reports. Original Link

Medical advances can exacerbate inequality

US analysts say new tech and treatments should not just benefit the wealthy. Fiona McMillan reports. Original Link

Meet the youngest pulsar ever found

Images reveal an explosion took place around the same time Leonardo da Vinci was alive. Original Link

Establishing an AI code of ethics will be harder than people think

Ethics are too subjective to guide the use of AI, argue some legal scholars. Original Link

The Sticky Note Exercise

How do you pick who works together, who reports to whom, and who exchanges information with whom? Usually, it gets done within a department, within a project team, or based on some other common ground. It turns out we should be focusing on our differences a bit more.

We set out to create a fast but effective way to demonstrate this point: complimentary differences lead to good ideas. Coworkers who have complementary differences have unique skills or perspectives, and they have enough in common that they can communicate effectively with each other.

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DVB-T2 TV Streaming HAT for Your Raspberry Pi

Raspberry Pi Foundation has officially announced the Raspberry Pi TV Hat, with a Digital Video Broadcast (DVB) tuner that receives terrestrial TV signals, on sale now at $21.50. It lets you stream DVB-T2 and DVB-T video in the UK and Europe. Any Pi with a 40-pin GPIO connector can use the TV HAT to act as a […] Original Link

Algorithm and Data Structure Interview Questions for Java and Python

There are a lot of computer science graduates and programmers applying for programming, coding, and software development roles at companies like Uber and Netflix; big organizations like Amazon, Microsoft, and Google; and service-based companies like Infosys or Luxsoft. But many of them have no idea of what kind of programming interview questions to expect when you’re applying for a job with these companies.

In this article, I’ll share some frequently asked algorithms and data structure interview questions from different interviews for programmers at different levels of experience, from people who have just graduated from college to programmers with one to two years of experience.

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Your Automated Testing Strategy: Pyramids, Triangles, and Beyond

If your team struggles with automated testing, don’t feel alone or ashamed. I meet lots of people whose teams do all their regression testing manually. Other teams have automation but are finding it expensive to maintain and aren’t sure if the tests are providing a benefit.

Teams who lack automated regression tests are incapable of delivering value to their customers frequently. Changing the code takes longer and longer, because there’s more and more manual regression testing needed to feel confident about releasing.

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Something Is Missing in The Agile Manifesto

As Agilists we keep using the Agile Manifesto and are pretty much beyond questioning the exact words on the page. One key one is:

"Working Software over comprehensive documentation."

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IntelliJ IDEA 2018.3: Helm support

Not so long ago, IntelliJ IDEA 2018.1 Ultimate Edition introduced the initial support for Kubernetes through the new Kubernetes plugin. The forthcoming IntelliJ IDEA 2018.3 takes it even further and now the Kubernetes plugin gets Helm support!

In the blog post covering the first EAP build of IntelliJ IDEA 2018.3, we only briefly mentioned the availability of Helm support in the Kubernetes plugin. Now, the time has come to dive into the details.

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Understanding the building blocks for an electronic brain

(University of Groningen) Computer bits are binary, with a value of 0 or one. By contrast, neurons in the brain can have all kinds of different internal states, depending on the input that they received. This allows the brain to process information in a more energy-efficient manner than a computer. University of Groningen (UG) physicists are working on memristors, resistors with a memory, made from niobium-doped strontium titanate, which mimic how neurons work. Original Link

Marco Santori on Airdrops and the “Complete Picture” of SAFT Regulation

Marco Santori on Airdrops and the “Complete Picture” of SAFT Regulation

Ever since the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued a stern warning about initial coin offerings (ICOs) in February 2018, cryptocurrency projects have had to consider different options for distributing their tokens — and funding their development.

One alternative for dispersing a token is an airdrop, where tokens are given out (for free) to the holders of an existing cryptocurrency. A former partner at law firm Cooley LLP has a positive view on them. “Airdrops can do no harm. In fact, we think they can make things better,” Marco Santori, who is now the president and chief legal officer at Blockchain, a bitcoin wallet provider, told Bitcoin Magazine.   

“An airdrop doesn’t get around the securities laws; but, that said, unless the thing that you’re airdropping, the token that you’re airdropping, is a security, then the airdrop is not a securities offering,” he continued. “I think they can be a powerful tool for decentralization.”

In a recent interview, Santori shared more of his thoughts on raising funds and the future of regulation.

He think an issuance framework he worked on while at Cooley called SAFT, short for Simple Agreement Future Tokens, is a useful alternative to traditional ICOs. In the arrangement, accredited investors lend money to a project with the promise that tokens will become available after the network is up and running. The SAFT white paper was published in October 2017; since then, SAFT has become a market standard.

“I think that the SAFT framework is probably the best that we have today,” Santori said. “If you layer on top of that the additional clarity that the SEC has provided in the context of Bill Hinman’s speech or the so-called ‘Hinman test’ that incorporated the SAFT framework, then you’ve got a pretty complete picture.”

Santori is referring to statements made by the SEC’s director of the division of corporation finance in June 2018. At that time, Hinman addressed the possibility that a token could begin life as a security and then convert to something other than a security when a network became sufficiently decentralized, like Bitcoin.

As far as the SEC goes, Santori doesn’t think the regulator will be handing out any further  guidance for ICO projects. “We have probably gotten all of the informal guidance we’re going to get,” he said. However, he does anticipate some “no-action” relief to start coming down the pike soon.

If a project is uncertain whether a particular activity constitutes a violation of federal securities laws, they can request a no-action letter from the SEC. If they receive a relief, no civil or criminal action will be taken against them for engaging in that activity.  

“I expect that we’ll be seeing SEC’s response to some of those requests coming out. And those responses have some precedential value — not legal precedent, but practical precedent — and we’ll be seeing some more of that,” he said.

Existing laws likely will be good enough for the regulators, Santori thinks. “The Treasury Department and FinCEN [Financial Crimes Enforcement Network], in particular, have stuck to their guns. They have said that the laws we have are enough; the rules we have are enough.”   

At the end of the day, Santori feels it will be up to courts to make the ultimate decision on whether a token is a security. “A number of lawsuits are winding their way through the federal courts today and likely private lawsuits will answer the question first,” he said.  

Of course, the SEC has to follow the law like everyone else. “The SEC is just the plaintiff, and if SEC takes one position and a defendant decides to take a different position and fight, then ultimately it’s going to be the courts that decide in a civil case whether this token sale is a security or not,” said Santori. “The SEC is a very powerful plaintiff.”

Santori will weigh in on airdrops and the future of regulating cryptocurrencies along with Brent McIntosh, General Counsel for the U.S. Department of the Treasury, at Money 20/20 in Las Vegas, October 21–24, 2018. The U.S. Department of the Treasury administers the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), the regulator that punishes money launderers.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

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Bitcoin Magazine Week in Review: Stablecoins Take the Spotlight

Week in Review

With the exception of the SEC’s FinHub announcement, it has been a quiet week for regulatory news — something we’ve been getting a lot of recently as U.S. officials clamp down on unscrupulous coin offerings and crypto companies.

Instead, stablecoins crowded headlines this week, as tether — among others — had difficulties retaining its peg, and top exchanges rolled out support for some of the asset class’ regulatory-compliant newcomers.

All the while, developers remind us that, even in bear markets, the tools of innovation continue to work against the buzz of speculation.

Stablecoin News Takes Center Stage

As Tether’s Peg Slips, Bitcoin’s Price Distorted Across Markets

Tether took a dip this week. The market’s leading stablecoin dropped to as low as $0.92 cents for its exchange-averaged price as a market-wide selloff left the coin wanting in demand. By consequence, bitcoin on tether-supported exchanges began trading at somewhat of a premium, an inflated price that reflected bitcoin’s worth against tether’s discounted price rather than its worth against the actual dollar. At the time of writing, tether has shaved off roughly $800 million from its market cap over the week — that’s nearly a third of its entire value.

Huobi and OKEx List the Same Four Stablecoins

As tether was unravelling, two of the industry’s highest volume exchanges listed four of the top stablecoins’ staunches competitors. Huobi and OKEx both announced support for TrueUSD, Gemini USD, USD Coin and the Paxos Standard earlier this week, moves that may have aggravated the sell off that crippled tether’s peg. The four stablecoins, which are fiat-collateralized like tether, are considered transparent, regulator-friendly alternatives to what was the market’s only viable stablecoin until this year.

Developers Keep On Developing

No Connection Required: How One Dev Sent Bitcoin While Off the Grid

An Auckland developer sent bitcoin to his girlfriend earlier this week without access to internet — seriously. Leveraging technology developed by goTenna and Samourai Wallet, the Kiwi dev was able to transfer bitcoin across New Zealand using only a $27 smartphone and some impressive mesh network architecturing.

Decentralization Gains Traction: Go-Ethereum Fifth Most Active on GitHub

Commonly referred to as geth, Go-Ethereum, a command-line interface for running an Ethereum node using the Go programming language, is now the fifth fastest-growing, open-source project on GitHub. This puts it in the company of other, more mainstream projects like azure-docs from Microsoft Azure, pytorch from Facebook, godot from the GoDot Gaming Engine and nuxt.js, a Javascript framework.

SEC Opens a Pipeline for FinTech Companies to Seek Guidance

SEC Sets Up Open Line of Communication for Fintech Projects With FinHub

On October 18, 2018, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced that it has created a new offices dedicated to fintech startups, including cryptocurrency and blockchain companies. The office will be a resource for these fledging organizations as the try to navigate unspecified regulations and comply with government mandates.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

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Weekend Reading: Tor and Tails

Tor and Tails

Tails is a live media Linux distro designed to boot into a highly secure desktop environment. Tor is a browser that prevents somebody watching your internet connection from learning what sites you visit, and it prevents the sites you visit from learning your physical location.

Learn why anonymity matters and how you can protect yourself with this Linux Journal Weekend Reading.

Tor Hidden Services 

Why should clients get all the privacy? Give your servers some privacy too!

Tails above the Rest: the Installation

How to get and validate the Tails distribution and install it. We will follow up with what Tails can and can’t do to protect your privacy, and how to use Tails in a way that minimizes your risk. Then we will finish with some more advanced features of Tails, including the use of a persistent volume (with this feature, depending on your needs, you could conceivably use Tails as your main Linux distribution).

Tails above the Rest, Part II

Now that you have Tails installed, let’s start using it. Read on to find out how to get started.

Tails above the Rest, Part III

In the first two parts on this series, we gave an overview of Tails, including how to get the distribution securely, and once you have it, how to use some of the basic tools. Here, we cover some of the more advanced features of Tails, such as some of its log-in options, its suite of encryption tools and the persistent disk.

Tor Security for Android and Desktop Linux 

The Tor Project presents an effective countermeasure against hostile and disingenuous carriers and ISPs that, on a properly rooted and capable Android device or Linux system, can force all network traffic through Tor encrypted entry points (guard nodes) with custom rules for iptables. This action renders all device network activity opaque to the upstream carrier—barring exceptional intervention, all efforts to track a user are afterwards futile.

A Bundle of Tor

The best way to set up Tor on your personal machine.

Dolphins in the NSA Dragnet

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Monitoring Changes in Permissions, Users, Roles, and Logins

Compliance means keeping a close grip on any changes to the permissions and access control of a database. Sadly, the law has had to acknowledge, from bitter experience, that it is not just external intruders who want to do this, but it could also be attempts at fraud or data theft from within the organization. Permission changes are certainly one of the things that security experts advise you look out for; you need the equivalent of CCTV trained on your servers.

If you have default trace running, then you should already have an impressive audit, with a record of what changes to permission, users, logins or roles were made, when and by whom.

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The Best of the Physics arXiv (week ending October 20, 2018)

This week’s most thought-provoking papers from the Physics arXiv. Original Link

TDA2003 Stereo Amplifier

The TDA2003 is a great sounding low wattage chip amp that’s perfect for casual listening with bookshelf and computer speakers. In this video, the presenter is going to show you how to design and build a stereo TDA2003 amplifier. First, he will show you the schematic and talk about what each component does. Then will […]

The post TDA2003 Stereo Amplifier appeared first on Electronics For You.

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TrussFormer: Plastic Bottles and 3D Printed Connectors Create Kinetic Structures

TrussFormer is the outcome of a research performed by Hasso Plattner Institute in Germany and the U.S. which have been working on a way to turn empty bottles into kinetic art. TrussFormer program is an integrated end-to-end software solution that allows users to design and 3D print large-scale kinetic structures using plastic bottles. The structure can then […] Original Link

14 Best Blogs To Increase Your Skill In the World of Programming

As programmers, we have come across many blogs. Some of them have helped us to get started with a new technology, some have helped us become more proficient in a certain technology, while a few serve as a helpline when we encounter a certain problem in our code. Since so many blogs are out there, each related to different technologies, it is impossible to rank them according to their content. In this article, we shall discuss the top blogs having content related to general programming languages, UX Design, UI development, testing, and cloud computing.

1. Stack Overflow

Whenever a software professional gets stuck somewhere in their code, no matter what programming language they are using, Stack Overflow is the place where everyone can look for solutions. It is an open forum where you can post your queries or resolve queries posted by others.

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Cloud File Data Storage Consolidation and Economic Comparison Model

This new report looks at Distributed File Server and Consolidated Cloud Storage Economic Comparison with a fundamental economic comparison model for remote (on-prem) distributed file-servers and cloud storage consolidation decision-making. IT data infrastructure resource (servers, storage, I/O network, hardware, software, services) decision-making involves evaluating and comparing technical attributes (speeds, feeds, features) of a solution or service. Another aspect of data infrastructure resource decision-making involves assessing how a solution or service will support and enable a given application workload from a Performance, Availability, Capacity, and Economic (PACE) perspective.

Keep in mind that all application workloads have some amount of PACE resource requirements that may be high, low, or with various permutations. Performance, Availability (including data protection along with security) as well as Capacity are addressed via technical speeds, feeds, functionality along with workload suitability analysis. The E in PACE resource decision-making is about the Economic analysis of various costs associated with different solution approaches.

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Code in GitHub, Build in Azure DevOps for Free

When you create a new open-source project in GitHub, one of the first steps is to set up continuous integration; the usual question is, what CI engine should I use? Thanks to Azure DevOps, you can use free build pipelines to build projects even if they are in GitHub (not hosted in Azure DevOps).

Azure DevOps, formerly known as VSTS, allows you to define free build pipelines to build projects in GitHub. After you’ve created a new project in GitHub, you can simply log into your Azure DevOps account, then go to Azure Pipelines and start creating a new pipeline.

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Red Moon review: History lessons power great new lunar future novel

According to the new book by science-fiction author Kim Stanley Robinson, China’s long past makes its domination of the moon inevitable Original Link

Integrate Real-Time Access to Redshift in SAPUI5 MVC Apps

Use the built-in ODataModel class in SAPUI5 to create Web apps that reflect changes to Redshift data in real time.

In this article, we show how to use the CData API Server and the ADO.NET Provider for Redshift (or any of 120+ other ADO.NET Providers) to write SAPUI5 apps that leverage the capabilities of the Redshift API, without writing to a backend database. The API Server is a lightweight web application that runs on your server and produces OData feeds of Redshift data. OData is the standard for real-time data access over the web and has built-in support in SAPUI5 and OpenUI5.

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Low-Code — Implications for Developers

Modern application development is a complex business, requiring multiple language support, knowledge of tools to build, test, and deploy applications, understanding of client experience, data handling, security skills, and the ability to provide experiences on multiple channels including web, mobile, and desktop.

In addition, developers are adapting to enable rapid app building by utilizing agile methodologies in parallel with a DevOps mindset and culture for delivery. Financial service institutions are increasingly adopting an iterative approach to providing apps and updates to the business, where regular small-scale updates/improvements are made to systems and customer/user interfaces with minimal disruption to their consumers.

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Open Letter to My Kids

Dear Marie-Soizic, dear Charles-Edouard, your loving father wanted to tell you some few things, in the hope that it will be useful to you when you grow up. Maybe I could have written it in a few years; let’s say it will be one of the very first texts you’ll read when you’ll be able to read.

Be Confident in Yourself

You are the most beautiful people when you are the "most you." Don’t listen to people who judge you, just listen to people who want to listen to you. I don’t think you must comply with what others think or do. You’ll run the risk of being useless to your community, and even to yourself.

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Ariane 5 launches BepiColombo to Mercury

BepiColombo Ariane 5 launch

WASHINGTON — A Mercury-bound science mission from the European and Japanese space agencies began a seven-year journey to the Solar System’s smallest planet Oct. 19 aboard and Ariane 5 rocket.

The BepiColombo mission took off from the European Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana at 9:45 p.m. Eastern, marking the beginning of a 9-billion kilometer trip to the closest planet to the Sun.

BepiColombo’s four parts — two science orbiters, their carrier unit and a sunshield — separated as one 4,100-kilogram payload from the Ariane 5’s upper stage 27 minutes after liftoff. ESA confirmed signal acquisition shortly after separation from the Arianespace-operated launcher. 

The spacecraft now begins a journey that includes nine planetary flybys for gravitational assists — one of Earth, two of Venus and six by Mercury — in order to safely arrive in orbit around the planet.

A direct trajectory to Mercury would give BepiColombo too much speed to not succumb to the sun’s gravity.

Once in Mercury’s orbit, BepiColombo’s carrier spacecraft will release the two orbiters, the European Space Agency’s Mercury Planetary Orbiter, and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, to begin a one-year science mission.

BepiColombo is JAXA’s first joint mission with ESA, and both space agencies’ first mission to Mercury. The science mission builds on research from Mercury’s only two science missions: NASA’s Mariner 10, which performed three fly-bys in 1974 and 1975, and NASA’s Messenger, which orbited from 2011 to 2015 before crashing into the rocky planet’s surface.

ESA member states almost cancelled BepiColombo after the mission, which began in 2000, grew too large to fit in a Soyuz rocket, requiring a more expensive Ariane 5 to continue. In 2009 ESA approved the redesigned mission, featuring systems optimized for the extreme temperatures near Mercury, despite the increased cost.

Once at Mercury, ESA’s Mercury Planetary Orbiter will study the surface of the planet using a suite of 11 instruments. JAXA’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter, equipped with five instruments, will study the planet’s magnetosphere and its interactions with the sun.

Airbus Defence and Space is the prime contractor for ESA’s part of BepiColombo, having led a team of 83 companies from 16 countries in building the Mercury Planetary Orbiter, the carrier module and sunshield. Japan-based NEC Corp.  led an industrial team in building JAXA’s spacecraft.

Manufacturers for BepiColomobo had to build unique technologies, such as British company QinetiQ’s new, highly efficient electric propulsion system to slow the spacecraft, and German manufacturer Azur Space’s solar cells capable of generating power while enduring higher than normal temperatures.

Temperatures around Mercury range from 450 to -180 degrees Celsius (around 850 to -300 degrees Fahrenheit). Johannes Benkhoff, BepiColombo mission scientist at ESA, said 80 percent of the materials for BepiColombo needed to be specially qualified to ensure they could survive the mission.

BepiColombo is named after the late professor Giuseppe “Bepi” Colombo, from the University of Padua, Italy, who studied Mercury and suggested NASA fly its Mariner 10 orbiter by Venus for a gravity-assist, enabling the spacecraft to fly by Mercury three times.

BepiColombo is scheduled to arrive at Mercury in December 2025 and begin its science mission in 2026. Benkhoff said a decision will have to be made whether to fund the mission for an additional year. Though current plans call for a single year of research, the spacecraft are designed to operate in a research mode for two years, he said.

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What Does it Mean to Be ‘Reactive?’

Currently, reactive is one of those trendy buzzwords in programming. Reactive is a word widely used as a prefix for “system” and “programming,” which both describe very different matters.

However, as an IT consultant and reactive sponsor, I have had a lot of experience and conversations surrounding reactive, but essentially, the main question is always the same:

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Friday Product Post: Gator Aid

This week we are very excited to bring you three new ProtoSnap boards that will help bring even more functionality to the micro:bit. We call them gator:boards! On top of them, we have also brought over a USB Logic Analyzer from SparkX that won’t break the bank, but will still provide you with an excellent new tool for your workbench!

As a reminder, one day only sales are back with our Time Saving Sale for the month of October, so we’ll be having flash sales on a wide selection of breakout boards every weekday from now until October 26th. Just check the featured content at the top of the homepage each weekday for the new deal! In addition to our breakout board flash sales, we’ll also be taking 15 percent off most of our Qwiic boards through October 31st. Unfortunately, SparkX items aren’t included, but those are a great deal if you’re looking to be on the cutting edge of SparkFun’s product development.

Not just a green gator!

SparkFun gator:color ProtoSnap

added to your cart!

SparkFun gator:color ProtoSnap

In stock COM-14890

The gator:color ProtoSnap is perfect if you want to add a low-profile glowing component to your project.


The SparkFun gator:color ProtoSnap is perfect if you want to add a low-profile glowing component to your project. It’s equipped with six LED boards that can be kept as a whole while on the board, or broken apart for individual use! Included on each board are two white LED boards; a single red board, green board, blue board and yellow board; and a power rail.

Safer than your regular gator!

SparkFun gator:starter ProtoSnap

added to your cart!

SparkFun gator:starter ProtoSnap

In stock SEN-14891

The gator:starter ProtoSnap has been designed to provide you with a staring point to go beyond the capabilities of the SparkF…


The SparkFun gator:starter ProtoSnap provides you with a starting point to go beyond the capabilities of the micro:bit with three different boards that can be kept as a whole while on the board, or broken apart for individual use! Included on each gator:starter is a temperature sensor board, a light sensor board and an RGB LED board.

You try and think of a better way to control a gator!

SparkFun gator:control ProtoSnap

added to your cart!

SparkFun gator:control ProtoSnap

In stock COM-14968

The gator:control ProtoSnap provides you with a handful of different ways to interact with projects you create using only gat…


The SparkFun gator:control ProtoSnap provides you with a handful of different ways to interact with projects you create, using only gator-clip cables. Each little board on this ProtoSnap can be kept as a whole while on the board, or be broken apart for individual use! The gator:control ProtoSnap contains four boards in the main assembly including two buttons, an on/off slide switch and a reed switch, which is activated by a magnet.

USB Logic Analyzer - 25MHz/8-Channel

added to your cart!

USB Logic Analyzer – 25MHz/8-Channel

In stock TOL-15033

This 8-channel USB Logic Analyzer with support for sampling rates of up to 24MHz provides a good while economic option making…


With the growing ubiquity of UART, I2C and SPI sensors, logic analyzers are becoming a tool everyone needs in their toolbox or on their workbench. This 8-channel USB Logic Analyzer, with support for sampling rates of up to 24MHz, provides a good, economic option, making it a great tool for quickly diagnosing most communication issues we encounter. This analyzer will work with both 3.3V and 5V systems (up to 5.25V max and 2.0V minimum on a high logic level) and is powered via an included mini-B USB cable.

That’s it for this week, folks! As always, we can’t wait to see what you make! Shoot us a tweet @sparkfun, or let us know on Instagram or Facebook. We’d love to see what projects you’ve made!

We’ll be back next week with even more fantastic new products!

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Ether Price Analysis: Historic Support Tested Amid Signs of Distribution

Ether Price Analysis

It’s been weeks since ether has seen a new high or a new low and the market has found itself range-bound. At the moment, we are seeing signs of distribution as large rounds of selling have remained present during key support tests:

Figure 1Figure 1: ETHUSD, 4 Hour Candles, Trading Range

So far, for the last few weeks, ether has seen a trend of higher lows and low highs (the converging red trendlines). The three arrows shown above display the presence of heavy selling pressure (supply) and, so far, the market has failed to garner enough buying pressure (demand) to bring the price level back above the AR level shown above and buying pressure seems to be waning. The lower boundary of the trading range (the dark blue line) has proven to be strong support and the last week’s trend has seen relatively higher highs and higher lows. However, some key levels need to be monitored.

The high volatility and the high volume associated with the volatility is showing signs that the trading range might be in distribution. However, it’s still fairly early in this trading range’s life cycle and its entire possible this most recent strong round of selling is a test of demand.

Figure 2Figure 2: ETHUSD, 4 Hour Candles, Strong Retest Reaction

After the Sign of Weakness (SOW) last week, the market saw a retest of the trading range support and it had a very strong reaction to the test (shown in pink). A high volume reaction to a support retest is typically a sign that we may see the top of the trading range to further test the supply of the market. Whether this trading range reveals itself to be a distribution or an accumulation, it’s entirely possible we will see a test of the preliminary supply (PSY) level in the $230 prices. Often with trading ranges (whether accumulation or distribution) we see multiple supply and demand tests of the top and bottom of the range. Since we had a strong buying reaction to our retest, it makes sense that we will see the upper boundary of the range to test not only the market demand but the presence of supply.
figure 3Figure 3: ETHUSD, Daily Candles, Macro Support Test

On a macro level, this marks our second test of the current support level. The last macro ether consolidation was initiated at the price level and it provided very strong support through many months of tests. Because of its historical significance during ether’s last bull market, I find it unlikely that we would break straight support with such relative ease.

Much like the rest of the crypto market, we are basically playing the waiting game while etherbitcoin decides what it wants to do. It’s not entirely clear whether the support will hold or whether it will break, but ether is sitting atop macro support that has held through many tests. A decisive break below this level will be violent. However, if we can establish firm support here, it’s entirely possible ether has found its local bottom in an otherwise macro reversal.


  1. Ether has been range bound for several weeks while the price and volume has consolidated in a sideways fashion.
  2. On a macro level, we are testing strong, historic support that has held through many tests in the past.
  3. We are currently showing signs of distribution but, on the last retest of our current trading range’s support, saw a strong round of buys that may warrant another supply test near the top of the trading range.
  4. Because the current support level has held for so long, a decisive break below this level will likely see a strong, violent reaction that shoves the price aggressively lower. However, if we manage to maintain support, it’s entirely possible ether has seen its macro bottom for the current bear market.

Trading and investing in digital assets like bitcoin and ether is highly speculative and comes with many risks. This analysis is for informational purposes and should not be considered investment advice. Statements and financial information on Bitcoin Magazine and BTC Media related sites do not necessarily reflect the opinion of BTC Media and should not be construed as an endorsement or recommendation to buy, sell or hold. Past performance is not necessarily indicative of future results.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

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Vector secures $70 million Series B round for small launch vehicle development

Vector-R launch

WASHINGTON — Vector, one of dozens of ventures developing small launch vehicles to serve perceived high demand for small satellite launches, announced Oct. 19 that it closed a $70 million Series B round to move into full operations.

The Tucson, Arizona-based company said Kodem Growth Partners led the funding round, along with Morgan Stanley Alternative Investment Partners and three earlier investors, Sequoia Capital, Lightspeed Venture Partners and Shasta Ventures.

“Vector is entering an extremely important phase of our journey, transitioning from a focus on research and development to flight operations and profitability,” Jim Cantrell, chief executive of Vector, said in a statement. “This Series B financing is a critical element in Vector’s mission to improve access to space and become a dominant launch provider to the small satellite industry.”

In an emailed response to questions, Shaun Coleman, chief sales and marketing officer at Vector, said the funding will be used to support the company as it shifts into operations. That includes bringing its first launch vehicle, the Vector-R, into service as well as continuing development of a larger vehicle, the Vector-H, slated to make its debut in 2019. The funding will also be used to expand the company’s sales, business development and marketing teams, he said.

Part of that work includes building what the company describes as a “state-of-the-art” factory in Tucson for producing its rockets. With the funding in place, Coleman said Vector will break ground on the factory later this year.

The first Vector-R orbital launch attempt is planned for before the end of the year from Pacific Spaceport Complex – Alaska. Coleman said the payload for that flight is confidential.

Vector had been planning a suborbital test launch earlier this month from the Mojave Desert in California, but postponed it because of technical problems. “The recent Mojave test campaign proved out several key elements of our concept of operations,” Coleman said, such as testing remote operations and a new transporter and erector. “We are evaluating the results of our test and working with launch ranges to schedule an additional suborbital test prior to our launch in Alaska later this year.”

Kodem Growth Partners, the lead investor in the Series B round, identifies itself as a New York-based investment and commercialization firm “organized to scale technology enabled businesses with capital and access to decision makers” in the public and private sectors. Its investment in Vector is one of the few it has publicly acknowledged.

Morgan Stanley Alternative Investment Partners is a division of Morgan Stanley that makes private equity and other investments. It raised a $425 million fund in January for what it described as “a diversified portfolio of direct co-investment opportunities” alongside other private equity funds. Vector is the first space company it has revealed an investment in.

Vector previously raised a $21 million Series A round in June 2017 and a $4.5 million bridge round in April 2017. The company has now raised a total of about $100 million to date, making it one of the best-funded small launch vehicle startups in the industry. Rocket Lab has raised nearly $150 million for its Electron small launch vehicle, which reached orbit on its second launch in January.

Rocket Lab, Vector and others are seeking to offer dedicated launches for small satellites at a rapid cadence and low cost. “Low Earth orbit satellite launches are projected to grow nearly four times in the next four years, but no dedicated launch platform exists with robust capability to get small satellites into space,” said Alex Taussig, a partner at Lightspeed Venture Partners, in the statement.

Vector has plenty of company trying to provide such a launch platform. A study published at the Conference on Small Satellites at Utah State University in August found more than 100 projects that are, or had been, working on small launch vehicles in the last few years, including 34 in active development.

Some of those ventures have already failed, with the expectation more will follow. “There’s a lot of noise in the system right now,” said Dan Hart, president and chief executive of Virgin Orbit, during a panel discussion in September at the World Satellite Business Week in Paris. He anticipated a shakeout of small launch vehicle ventures “happening over the next year to 18 months.”

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North Korean cybercrime hacking group The Lazarus Group is currently the biggest crypto hacking syndicate in the world, having stolen millions worth of cryptocurrencies from online exchanges. Also known as HIDDEN COBRA, which works at the behest of the North Korean government, the Lazarus Group has been responsible for some of the world’s largest cyber attacks including the Sony hack in 2014, the Wannacry ransomware outbreak, military espionage and a number of attacks on South Korean businesses.

In a report acquired by news outlet HardFork, cybersecurity outfit Group-IB outlines trends in hi-tech cybercrime, detailing 14 different attacks on cryptocurrency exchanges since January 2017. It suggests that Lazarus has been responsible for the disappearance of over $571 million in cryptocurrency.

What is most interesting about the data from Group-IB is that a large majority of the targeted exchanges are domiciled in South Korea, such as Bithumb, YouBit and Coinrail.

This data appears to confirm accusations made by a member of South Korea’s parliamentary intelligence committee that the North Korean government has stolen cryptocurrency worth billions of won last year from South Korean exchanges.

Hackers who target cryptocurrency exchanges favor traditional methods and tools such as spear phishing, social engineering and malware. According to the cybersecurity group, hackers were able to steal 10 percent of the total funds raised by initial coin offering (ICO) platforms over the past year and a half, with 50 percent of the funds lost to phishers.

Cybercriminals can create fake web pages, simulating the real project, tricking investors who are desperate to jump in on the next big thing. The report notes that large phishing groups have become so skilled in their craft, they can steal as much as $1 million in a day.

One incident that stands out was the creation of phishing sites for Telegram’s ICO project, which allowed the thieves to scam would-be investors of Telegram’s ICO. was the most prominent fake website during that period. It built authenticity by stealing details from Telegram’s white papers, project roadmap and more.

Phishing schemes can also take the form of investor database theft which hackers can resell on the darknet or use to blackmail crypto holders.

While attacks on ICOs might have dwindled in the wake of the clampdown by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Group-IB believes the previous attacks on ICOs remain a threat for any crypto project that attracts investors. The group also predicts that phishing scams won’t go away anytime soon, but they will become harder to detect as fraudsters unveil new tricks and tools to perpetrate their crimes.

“Fraudulent phishing-schemes involving crypto-brands will only get more complex as well as cybercriminals’ level of preparation for phishing attacks,” the report warns. “Automated phishing and the use of so-called ‘phishing-kits’ will become more widespread, including for the attacks on ICOs.”

The cybersecurity group sees a future where state-sponsored hackers, like the Lazarus Group, could target large mining pools, as 51-percent attacks seem to be on the increase.

“In 2017, no successful 51-percent attacks were detected, but they are now [happening] more often. In the first half of 2018, five successful attacks were registered with direct financial losses ranging from $0.55 million to $18 million,” the report concluded.

This article originally appeared on Bitcoin Magazine.

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